‘Democracy without Islamists is now inconceivable in the Middle East. In the aftermath of the Arab spring, in particular, Islamist parties have won numerous elections. Their exclusion from any democratic process would put the legitimacy and sustainability of the entire process at stake.
However, merely lifting the barriers to inclusion is not enough to cure the region’s persistent democratic deficit. The diversity of Islamists suggests that there is no unified, one-size-fits-all formula that could guarantee their successful inclusion.’
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